Sunday, June 9, 2019

Social capital Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

Social capital - Essay ExamplePutnam, Leonardi and Nanetti in 1993 in their Making Democracy Work Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, defined the term hearty capital as features of social organisation, such as trust, norms or reciprocity, and networks of elegant engagement, that can improve the efficiency of union by facilitating coordinated actions (Hobbs 2000). The World Bank defined it as the institutions, relationships, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of a societys social interactions (Hobbs 2000). However despite the differences in perspectives, any believe that social networks are the most valuable assets for the society just as a screwdriver (physical capital) or a college education (human capital) can increase productivity (both individual and collective) (Putnam 2000, p. 19), in the same way forming social contacts are excellent for increasing the productivity of the individuals and even groups (Putnam 2000, p. 19). ... 2). In many of the western democracies of today, we can see the concept of community and social networks at all the civil, political as well as economical levels growing, giving an ample proof of the increase in social relations as the most important cause for maintaining sustainable communities in all the social, economic and democratic spheres of the society. These kinds of social relationships are said to be loaded with the social capital including all the norms or means of production that allow the plurality to join in the mutual agreement or work in a collective way. There are different traits of social capital the deal social norms, social network and trust (Productivity Commission 2003, p. x). Social norms are informal rules that formulate the behavior of the people in varying circumstances like showing tolerance and respect towards others etc as well as reciprocity like behavior with others in the way you expect others should behave with you. Similarly social network is an interconnection between the differen t groups of people having common characteristics and traits for e.g. family or a religious group. The third one is trust which is simply the way to produce confidence with the people whom you are in contact. Trust is a main thrust of all the relationships and is the most important component for the well being and general development of the human beings (Productivity Commission 2003, p. xi). Studies conducted on the sociology of economic development in the developing nations as well as around the network capitalism in East Asia have also diverted attention towards the importance of the social networks. In fact even in the Western economies, researchers have found come in highly flexible form of network

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